How To Protect yourself and others from Covid-19

  • Maintain physical distancing
  • Wear a face mask
  • Keep your room well ventilated
  • Avoid crowded places
  • Clean your hands
  • Coughing in to a bent elbow or tissue
  • Always check local advice where you live and work
Team of doctors wearing facemasks during coronavirus and flu outbreak. Virus and illness protection, COVID-2019. People on sunset background.

If COVID-19 is spreading in your community, stay safe by taking some simple precautions. You can practice following protective measures,

What to do to keep yourself and others safe from Covid-19

You have to maintain at least one meter distance between yourself and others to reduce your risk of infection. Maintain an even greater distance between yourself and others when indoors. The further away is the better.Make sure you wear a mask in proper way. Wearing mask will help to suppress the transmission of the Corona Virus and it will help to save lives. You can’t protect against Covid-19 only wearing a face mask, but there are another things you should follow. When you wear your mask on, make sure clean your hands before you put your mask on, as well as before and after you take it off. Properly placed mask should covers both your nose, mouth and chin.

Man wearing face mask on escalator. Themes coronavirus and personal protection during pandemic.

Best ways to make your environment safer

According to WHO there are 3 Cs that you should avoid. These 3 Cs are,

  • Spaces that are Closed
  • Spaces that are Crowded
  • Spaces that involve Close Contacts

There is a high risk of getting Covid-19 in crowded and inadequately ventilated spaces. The virus appears to spread by respiratory droplets or aerosols more efficiently in such places. If you are in a crowded place you have to take more precautions.

If you are in a crowded place you can open a window, it will increase the amount of “natural ventilation”. You can wear a mask if you are in such a place.

Top view of group of people with face masks elbow bumping, coronavirus, covid-19 concept.

Maintain good hygiene practices in day to day life

  • Hand washing is very important. You have to clean your hands regularly and thoroughly with an alcohol based hand rub or you can wash your hand with soap and water. This is the best practice which you can do to eliminate virus and other germs on your hands.
  • Avoid touching your mouth, nose and eyes. We can see many people used to touch their mouth and nose or eyes frequent, keep in mind that your hand touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated your hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. Finally you will be infected with Covid-19.
  • Practice covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Just after that dispose the used tissue immediately into a closed bin and wash your hands.
  • You can clean and disinfect frequently used surfaces such as door handles, phone screens.
Mother and child wearing facemasks and washing their hands during coronavirus and flu outbreak. Virus and illness protection, home education and quarantine. COVID-2019

How do you recognise if you have got COVID-19

It’s better to know the full range of symptoms of Covid-19.

  • It’s better to know the full range of symptoms of Covid-19. The most common symptoms are fever, dry cough and tiredness. There are other symptoms which may affect less commonly. Some patients experience with loss of taste or smell, aches and pains, headache, sore throat, nasal congestion, red eyes, diarrhoea or skin rash.
  • Stay home and self isolation even if you have minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever until recover. You can call your family doctor or Hotline provided by the government. Ask someone to bring you supplies.If you want to leave your house or have someone near you, wear a medical mask.It will prevent others from the virus.
  • If you have fever, cough and difficulty in breathing, you have to seek medical attention immediately. Call by telephone first, if you can and follow the directions of your local health authority.
  • Keep up to date on the latest information from trusted sources. Your local and national health authorities give you trusted latest information. WHO gives the latest information and guidelines that you can follow. The best places to advice on what people should do to protect themselves are the local and national authorities and public health units.
Coronavirus Covid-19 attack. Covid corona virus cells causing pneumonia attacking lungs. 3D illustration

Concept of COVID-19 – Coronavirus disease – 2019-nCoV, WUHAN corona virus. Doctor with syringe is preparing for injection.
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References : https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public accessed on 01.11.2020

Estimation of Excess Deaths Associated with COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States

Male hand making a Covid 19 sign spelled on wooden blocks.

A study was conducted to find out whether more all-cases of deaths during the first months of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) pandemic in the United States compared with the same months during previous ious years. The study was conducted by Daniel M.Weiberger,phD; Jenny Chen,BS; Ted Cohen, M,DPH; In this study they estimated the burden of all deaths related to Covid-19 in the United States from March to May 2020.

The Novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 ( SARS- CoV-2) first emerged in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and rapidly grew in to a Global Pandemic. Questions have been raised about the reported tallies of deaths related to COVID -19 in the United States. Some officials have raised concerns that deaths not caused by the virus were improperly attributed to COVID-19, inflating the reported tolls. However due to the limited availability of the testing and due to the sensitivity of the tests were done, there have likely been a number of deaths caused by the virus that were not counted.

We can get an idea of the mortality burden of the new pathogen. During their study, they have estimated the excess deaths due to any cause in each week of the COVID-19 in different states and evaluate the timing of these increases in relation to the testing and pandemic in tensity. Their analysis provided insights into the burden of COVID-19 in the early months of the outbreak in the United States.

Professional medical worker wearing personal protective equipment testing senior woman for dangerous disease using test stick

Questions have been raised about the reported tallies of deaths related to Covid-19 in the United States. Some officials have raised concerns that deaths not caused by the virus were improperly attributed to Covid-19, inflating the reported tolls. But due to the limited availability of virus testing and the imperfect sensitivity of the test, there have likely been. number of deaths caused by the virus that were not counted.

During their study they have collected the data on the deaths due to pneumonia, influenza, and COVID-19 and on deaths due to all the causes were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) mortality surveillance system. These numbers were compared with those from the same period of previous years. This data was collected on 12, June, 2020.

The total deaths in the United States from March 1 to May 30, 2020 were approximately 781000, representing 122300 more deaths than would typically be expected at that time of year. There were 95235 reported deaths officially confirmed due to Covid 19 from March 1 to May 30, 2020. The number of excess all causes of deaths higher than the official tally of Covid 19 reported deaths during that period.

Excess deaths provide an estimate of the full Covid 19 burden and indicate that official tallies likely undercount deaths due to virus. To estimate the mortality burden of a new infectious agent when there is a lack of comprehensive testing, it is common to assess increases in rates of death beyond what would be expected if the pathogen had not circulated.

The changes in mortality that occurred during the pandemic varied by state and region. In New York City, all causes mortality rose 7-fold above baseline at the peak of the pandemic.

References:

  1. Estimation of excess Deaths Associated with the Covid-19, http://www.jamanetwork.com

Coronavirus vaccine: Oxford trial is ‘safe’ and produces immune response, first study results show

As the Corona virus pandemic has affected global, everyone hope for a new vaccine for this virus. The new coronavirus vaccine has being developed by AstraZeneca and Oxford University induces a strong immune response and is safe to use in humans. This results shows at the preliminary trial results.

The first stage of the trial has shown some side effects and it induces a strong immune response in both parts of the immune system. It induces cell mediated immunity including provoking a T cell response within 14 days of the vaccination and an antibody response after 28 days of the vaccination.

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